Schizophrenia: Encouraging Social Skills
Some symptoms of schizophrenia can be hard to treat, such as finding little or no pleasure in life and feeling no emotions. If someone you care for has schizophrenia, you may find these symptoms hard to deal with. The symptoms are often long-lasting and may make your loved one appear to be concerned only about himself or herself.
Encouraging social skills can help you and your loved one deal with these symptoms. Here are some things you can do.
- Don't expect too much too fast.
Remember that the symptoms may go away, but it will take some time. Provide a sense of hope. And don't ask the person to make changes quickly.
- Be understanding.
Remember that what you may see as "being lazy" or having an "attitude problem" is the illness. Even though it may be very hard, don't get angry or upset. Support your loved one instead.
- Keep the focus on recovery.
Encourage the person to focus on his or her own recovery goals. This may help the person reconnect with others.
- Gently suggest things to do.
These could be social events or small tasks around the house, such as sweeping the floor.
- Say exactly what you want. Don't expect your loved one to read your mind or understand hints. For example, ask "Could you help me sweep the floor?" and not "It would be nice if the floors were cleaned."
- If you are suggesting something the person liked to do in the past, remind him or her of this.
- If your loved one acts on your suggestion, praise him or her, no matter how small you might think it is.
- If your family member doesn't act on your suggestion, don't push him or her to do it, because this may make your loved one feel worse. Remember that your loved one will act when he or she can.