Childhood Fears and Exposure to Violence
Your child may seem anxious about everyday occurrences. School-age children usually are still dealing with a number of fears that first developed during their early childhood, such as fear of ghosts, of the dark, or even of dying. Every child's fears are different. Parents may not even recognize that some behaviors are based on fears (for example, when a child refuses to eat a food that is touching another food on the plate).
Children this age try to deal with, minimize, or possibly eliminate these fears. They battle fears by playing good-guy, bad-guy superheroes, by watching scary movies, and by acting tough and fearless. They may become fascinated by what they are afraid of and try to overcome their fear by becoming experts on the subject. For this reason, some children respond positively to detailed information about subjects that frighten them.
Other children may seek greater control over situations in response to fear. They may enjoy fantasy shows and books where the characters are extremely brave, smart, and clever or who have unusual powers. For example, they may be attracted to shows and books that feature boy and girl superheroes.
Usually children need more than assurance from their parents to overcome a fear (for example, that ghosts do not exist). Over time, most children accept the truth and let go of their fears.
Helping children deal with their fears about violence
Most children are exposed to violence on TV, in movies, and in other media. Some children even experience violence directly. Here are some ways you can help them deal with their fears.
- Pick the right time to talk.
Give children a way to express themselves. Make time so that conversations can be unhurried and relaxed. Don't start a conversation when your child is upset or highly emotional about an issue. Discussions can take place while walking home from school, at the dinner table, or at bedtime. Let children know that you are open to talking to them by being interested in what happens in their lives.
- Let them tell you what they know.
Build your conversation around their questions and what they know about an issue or event, not around what you know. Children don't understand violence in the same way that adults do.
- Give reassurance.
Reassure your children that they are safe. Children often think that the same scary thing will happen in their town or school or to themselves.
- Let them learn from the experience.
Give children a way to learn from what scares them. Bring up an example of how they or someone else solved a conflict without using violence.
- Help them use activities to express feelings.
Support children's efforts to work out scary news through play, drawing, or other activities.
How do children react to violence?
As a self-protection measure, your child may react in ways that concern you. Don't be alarmed by common reactions to violence, such as:
- Ignoring the event or acting like they don't care.
- Having a fascination with a violent event. For example, a child may want to continually talk about something violent and ask parents detailed questions.
- Playing in violent ways, such as pounding an action figure on the floor. This behavior is a way that children work out issues. It is not a sign that they have violent tendencies.
Current as of: March 1, 2023
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:John Pope MD - Pediatrics & Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine & Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine