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Perimetry Test (Visual Field Testing) for Glaucoma

Overview

A perimetry test (visual field test) measures all areas of your eyesight, including your side, or peripheral, vision.

To do the test, you sit and look inside a bowl-shaped instrument called a perimeter. While you stare at the center of the bowl, lights flash. You press a button each time you see a flash. A computer records the spot of each flash and if you pressed the button when the light flashed in that spot.

At the end of the test, a printout shows if there are areas of your vision where you did not see the flashes of light. These are areas of vision loss. Loss of peripheral vision is often an early sign of glaucoma.

Why It Is Done

A perimetry test can help find certain patterns of vision loss. This may mean a certain type of eye disease is present. It is very useful in finding early changes in vision caused by nerve damage from glaucoma.

Regular perimetry tests can be used to see if treatment for glaucoma is preventing further vision loss.

Results

The amount of peripheral vision loss is linked to the amount of optic nerve damage.

A perimetry test makes a detailed record of your visual fields. Baseline information, descriptions, or drawings can be compared with future test results.

Credits

Current as of: January 24, 2022

Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:
Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine
Christopher J. Rudnisky MD, MPH, FRCSC - Ophthalmology

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